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Top 10 Manual Therapy Techniques Used in Physiotherapy

Mon May 1

Physiotherapy is a field of medicine that uses your natural motions to treat any recurring motion-related issues that interfere with your regular activities. Instead of surgery, physiotherapy can offer non-invasive treatment and approaches to aiding patients’ ailments. For instance, it helps patients regain, maintain, and improve their physical function, strength, and mobility.

You’re about to learn about some of the most often utilized physiotherapy techniques in this blog.


Massage helps to move the fluid and, when used carefully and delicately on wounded tissue, may help to avoid adhesions. To treat tendinous lesions, a mild dose is delivered transverse to the fibers to smooth off roughened surfaces or to keep the tendon mobile inside its sheath. To prevent separating the healing breach, the tendon is kept taut when applied, and the muscle is often retained in its shortened posture while treating a muscular injury.

Strength training

Strength training is getting more attention nowadays when it comes to physical therapy. This physiotherapy technique serves both rehabilitation and general injury prevention. As you know, most physical treatment methods have always focused on exercise. They already have workouts to build up particular muscles associated with the condition. These help to develop the muscles around the afflicted region and are quite helpful in the early phases of treatment.

But we’re focusing more on general weight training to build up all the major muscle groups. According to therapists, the patient can’t be adequately prepared to undertake real-life tasks, even with particular therapy-focused exercises.

They only help the patient be better at doing the workouts independently. The patient is better prepared for most real-life functions and activities if only some of their complete body is strengthened.

The secondary muscle groups that assist and sustain any compromised primary muscle units are also strengthened by this exercise. The patient receives additional muscle support, as a result, helping them to manage their disease.

Joint mobilization technique 

You might have discomfort if your joints stiffen up. The joints can move more easily thanks to this method. Professional physiotherapists will realign them. The method and severity will change based on the diagnosis.

This non-invasive method involves applying controlled, passive movements to affected joints, targeting their capsules and ligaments. By promoting flexibility and reducing stiffness, joint mobilization aids in restoring normal function and enhancing overall movement quality.

Muscle stretching

Physiotherapists advise exercises that improve range of motion (ROM). Along with yoga, the ROM exercises incorporate several other core workouts. To help you achieve your flexibility objectives, the physiotherapist chooses your target muscles and creates routines of traditional stretching exercises.

Additionally, the corresponding tendons are strengthened to preserve normalcy in muscle length and tension ratio. It ends muscle atrophy and accompanying postural problems since it helps manage musculoskeletal pain after motor vehicle accidents.

Physiotherapy taping 

This approach makes use of strapping and taping procedures. The stiffness of the application approach affects how the taping techniques are used. After a comprehensive diagnosis, the physiotherapist will choose a technique to stabilize the injury and de-load the weak or painful components.

Sports physiotherapy 

This area of physiotherapy focuses on treating athletes and sportspeople. Every athlete has a designated physiotherapist because they assist in maintaining the players’ physical conditions and providing preventative care. Specialists in this field must understand how the body functions in a specific sport and the related injuries. With their patients, they travel through healing, rehabilitation, and peak performance to return to the field.

Muscle energy technique 

The Muscle Energy Technique (MET) is a manual treatment that lengthens and relaxes muscles using the muscle’s energy as moderate isometric contractions. Isometric contractions, which result in hypertonic, shortened muscles, are utilized in MET. Isotonic contractions result in inhibited, weaker muscles; concentric contractions mobilize joints against their motion barriers; and eccentric contractions result in isolytic contractions, which result in fibrosis muscles.

Acupuncture and dry needling

Dry needling and acupuncture help in pain management and injury recovery. Efficient short-term pain therapy is this surgery. Experts place tiny, single-use needles at predetermined locations along the meridians in this method. The energy flow is redirected and repositioned as a result. In the end, it eases anxiety and stress.

Light therapy

Light therapy uses red, infrared, and near-infrared light to stimulate a favorable biological response. Chromophores, which are light-reactive molecules in our cells, are the target of light treatment. When exposed to specific light wavelengths, chromophores, like the chlorophyll in plants, cause a biological reaction.

The use of light therapy boosts the cellular production of ATP, collagen, DNA, and other substances needed for healing. As a result, it is quite helpful for quickening the recovery of internal and external injured tissues. It is non-invasive and can even speed up the recovery of injured muscles.

Additionally, it can be used to treat certain symptoms. It has been demonstrated to lessen pain and inflammation brought on by disorders, including carpal tunnel, arthritis, and other conditions.

Rehab robotics 

The most cutting-edge physical treatment technology is robotics. In the past, a therapist had to crawl on the floor while manipulating the patient’s legs with their hands to rehab someone paralyzed.

Motorized treadmills and exoskeletons are now used to accomplish this more quickly and precisely. These devices can manipulate the patient’s legs with much more accuracy than a therapist could by hand as they walk normally. These robots even include sensors that allow them to recognize the patient’s responses to the treatment and adapt as necessary.

Wrapping up

In conclusion, manual therapy techniques are crucial in physiotherapy, providing significant benefits for patients suffering from various musculoskeletal and neuromuscular conditions. 

These techniques, including joint mobilization, soft tissue manipulation, and therapeutic massage, enable physiotherapists to alleviate pain, improve mobility, and enhance overall function. In sports physiotherapy, these techniques are especially vital, as they not only aid athletes in recovering from injuries and maintaining peak performance but also contribute to injury prevention and long-term health. 
By incorporating manual therapy techniques into a comprehensive sports physiotherapy program, our physiotherapists in Calgary can effectively address the unique needs of athletes and optimize their physical abilities, ensuring a successful and enduring career in sports.